Southern Kedah or Lembah Bujang (Serpeant Valley) civilization
in the early century to 20 A.D. was intimately related to maritime
trade between a few countries in Asia, China, West Asia and India.
The development of its entrepot trade was often tied to the Thalassocractic
Kingdom of Srivijaya. The finding of historical sites on which could
be found thousands of pieces of ceramics, glass and beads from China,
West Asia, India or local, the ruins of temples dedicated to Hindu
gods and Buddha, the structures of sunken towns and harbours, cultural
artifacts such as idols and statutes, stone writings and tools used
in the community's everyday activities had indicated that this cluster
as the place where the ancient Kedah coastal state was founded.
||Candi di Lembah Bujang. Merbok, Kedah.
Sungai Mas and the corridor of Sungai Muda is a historical site
that crosses through pre-historic era of such cultures as the Hoabinhian,
proto-history, and history. Even though its research had taken nearly
150 years, but efforts at revealing, reviving and re-constructing
history, its role and development is still being debated and had
not been agreed upon. Its status and potential is recognized by
participants of the InterASEAN project: Archeological Excavation
and Conversation of Bujang Valley, Kedah in 1985, and was recognized
by the Malaysian Book of Records for the discovery of hundreds of
thousands of ancient beads and for being one of the comprehensive
locations for the manufacture of beads in the Indo-Pacific region.
Because its harbour was indispensable and located within the trans-peninsular
route between Old Kedah and Langkasuka (Patani), it developed into
an important city-port.
Archeological Research Of
Sungai Mas, Kedah
|Sebahagian daripada susunan blok laterit
dan batu bata benteng penahan ombak yang panjang dan lebarnya
Kampung Sungai Mas, which is located in the Mukim of Kota, in the
District of Kuala Muda, Kedah Darul Aman is a component of the most
current and well-known historical excavation site of the proto era,
in Bujang Valley. It covered an area of nearly 102.59 hectares or
253.5 acres. It area covered 74.06 hectares of kampong larids, 22.66
hectares of rice fields, 3.04 hectares of "nipah" palm
areas, 0.41 hectares of ancient royal cemetery, 1.62 hectares of
Chinese cemetery and 0.20 hectares of Mulim cemetery. The location
is in the neighbourhood of a few other kampongs such as Kampung
Alor Nibung, Permatang Janggus, Kubang Jambu, Pinang, Sungai Terus,
Baru and the town of Kuala Muda. The `Mukim' of Kota is surrounded
by the `Mukims' of Haji Kudong, Kuala, Bukit Meriam, Rantau Panjang
and to the south, it is bordered by Seberang Perai Utara, Penang
which is separated by the Muda River. These `Mukims' and kampongs
were also rich with archeological sites.
Its land area was traversed by the Muda River, Terus River, Merbok
River and finally the Straits of Malacca; almost turning it into
an island. It is about 10 kilometres from Pantai Merdeka, 20 kilometres
from Sungai Petani town, 30 kilometres from Butterworth, Penang,
35 kilometres from Mount Jerai and 3 kilometres from the Straits
of Malacca, making it a strategic area in many aspects.