He was born on 17 January, 1932 in Langkawi, Kedah. His primary
education began at the Kedawang Malay School in 1938. The following
year, he studied at Sik Malay School and later continued at the
Kangkong Malay School in 1940. Both schools are in Kedah. His secondary
education began at the Sultan Abdul Hamid College in 1945 and obtained
his Senior Cambridge qualification. He then furthered his studies
in United Kingdom, graduating from the School of Oriental and African
Studies at the University of London in 1957.
He was in government service for 34 years, starting from 1953
and held the post of Secretary of State from 1976 to 1987.
In appreciation of his contributions, he was awarded honorary
titles and medals from Kedah State. Among them were the Dato' Paduka
Seri Setia Sultan Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah, (D.H.M.S.), the Dato'
Seri Diraja Kedah (D.S.D.K.), the P.S.B., the Setia Mahkota Kedah
(S.M.K.), the Ahli Mangku Negara (A.M.N.) and the Bintang Cemerlang
Kedah (B.C.K.). He was also awarded the title Dato' Bijaya Indera
(a titled Dato of the Orang Besar Enam Belas)